Vezbe

Passive Voice – Exercise with Auxiliary Verbs

Rewrite the sentences in passive voice.

1. I can answer the question. -
2. She would carry the box. -
3. You should open the window. -
4. We might play cards. -
5. You ought to wash the car. -
6. He must fill in the form. -
7. They need not buy bread. -
8. He could not read the sentence. -
9. Will the teacher test our English? -
10. Could Jenny lock the door? -

Hadrian’s Wall

Fill the gaps with the correct tenses (active or passive voice).

1. In the year 122 AD, the Roman Emperor Hadrian (visit) his provinces in Britain.
2. On his visit, the Roman soldiers (tell) him that Pictish tribes from Britain’s north (attack) them.
3. So Hadrian (give) the order to build a protective wall across one of the narrowest parts of the country.
4. After 6 years of hard work, the Wall (finish) in 128.
5. It (be) 117 kilometres long and about 4 metres high.
6. The Wall (guard) by 15,000 Roman soldiers.
7. Every 8 kilometres there (be) a large fort in which up to 1,000 soldiers (find) shelter.
8. The soldiers (watch) over the frontier to the north and (check) the people who (want) to enter or leave Roman Britain.
9. In order to pass through the Wall, people (must go) to one of the small forts that (serve) as gateways.
10. Those forts (call) milecastles because the distance from one fort to another (be) one Roman mile (about 1,500 metres).
11. Between the milecastles there (be) two turrets from which the soldiers (guard) the Wall.
12. If the Wall (attack) by enemies, the soldiers at the turrets (run) to the nearest milecastle for help or (light) a fire that (can / see) by the soldiers in the milecastle.
13. In 383 Hadrian’s Wall (abandon) .
14. Today Hadrian’s Wall (be) the most popular tourist attraction in northern England.
15. In 1987, it (become) a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

A) Rewrite the sentences in Passive voice.

Example: The students wrote letters.
Letters were written by the students.

1) My friend bought a new car.
2) They understand Spanish.
3) The mechanic repairs cars.

B) Make correct passive forms. Mind the tenses in brackets.

Example: the car – to produce (Simple Present)
The car is produced

1) stories – to tell (Simple Present)
2) computer games – to buy (Simple Present)
3) songs – to sing (Simple Past)

C) Rewrite the sentences in Active voice.

Example: Letters were written by the students.
The students wrote letters.

1) Coffee is sold by Marie.
2) The club was founded by Ron and Peggy.
3) Football is played by the children.

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Lekcija/primeri

PASSIVE VOICE

Trpno stanje-kako se gradi u engleskom jeziku?

subjekat + pomoćni glagol „to be“ + particip prošli glavnog glagola

Trpno stanje (pasiv) mogu imati samo prelazni glagoli, tj. oni koji iza sebe mogu imati objekat.

Pasiv pokazuje da subjekat ne vrši radnju, već da se radnja vrši na subjektu:

The road has been repaired. (put je popravljen)

Pasivni oblici se formiraju tako što se glagol „to be“ stavi u vreme aktivne recenice i doda se particip prošli glavnog glagola. To znači, da se pasivni prezent tvori od prezenta glagola „to be“ i participa prošlog glavnog glagola.

Aktivnu rečenicu možemo transformisati u pasivnu, tako sto

1. subjekat aktivne rečenice postaje objekat pasivne,
2.glagol „to be“ stavljamo u vreme aktivne recenice
3 dodamo prosli particip glavnog glagola

Primer:
A: Everybody drinks water. (svi piju vodu)
P: Water is drunk by everybody. (voda se pije od strane svih)

-          subjekat      glagol      objekat

aktiv      Everybody      drinks        water

pasiv      Water          is drunk      by everybody.

Primer:

A: I wrote this letter. (ja sam napisao ovo pismo)
P: This letter was written by me. (pismo je napisano od mene)

Trpno stanje se upotrebljava mnogo češće u engleskom jeziku nego u našem jeziku i koristi se:

* kada subjekat koji vrši radnju nije poznat:

My car has been stollen. (ukradeno mi je auto)
She was given a nice birthday present. (dobila je lep poklon za rođendan)

* ako se ne želi pomenuti vršilac radnje:

I have been told that you are engaged. (rečeno mi je da ste se verili)
She was said to have left her husband. (priča se da je ostavila svog muža)

* ako nije potrebno pomenuti vršioca radnje jer to proizilazi iz konteksta (smisla) rečenice ili nije bitno za smisao da mora biti pomenut:

Mistakes are always made. (greške se uvijek prave)

* ako je subjekat pasivne rečenice važniji od vršioca radnje:

The „Tower“ was written by Meša Selimović. (Roman „Tvrđava“ je napisan od strane Meše Selimovića)-autor nas manje interesuje
The boy was punished by his father. (dečak je kažnjen od strane svog oca)
Ahmed was attended by his sister during his illness. (Ahmeda je njegova sestra negovala za vreme bolesti)

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